Predestination and Islam -

Thursday, October 18, 2018

Predestination and Islam

Predestination and Islam
The belief in predestination is one of the pillars of islam. It is one of the radikal beliefs which have to be believed for every mukmin. What predestination means is that, Allah swt has knowledge of every thing, and everything happens with His will. So, basically, the belief in predestination requires us to believe in the following things;

the knowledge of everything rests with Allah and He knows everything about everything.

Allah swt has written everything about universe and all that is beyond and within it, in loh-e mahfooz.

Everything happens by the will of Allah swt.

He is the creator of everything.

These four points form the teras of the belief in predestination. Some people has misinterpreted predestination pivot the idea that we have no free will and that whatever we do is already pre ronde. These people then blame their fate for everything that happens to them. But this is very extreme and jumlah opposite. It is a bit complex to understand fate but once its done, it becomes crystal clear. Lets take the example of a manusia mesin. The creator of the manusia mesin knows what its capabilities are. Manusia Mesin does what its meant to do. Now induce the concept of artificial Intelligence into this manusia mesin. This manusia mesin now has improved free will, but still it has a pre babak course. It will choose from a preset values or instructions but in the end, what it means to achieve, it will.

Humans are the best creation. We are given free will and we are given the leave to choose. But in the end, it is the will of Allah swt that sets the things right. This is why, we wait for the divine justice and a miracle to happen. Allah swt has mentioned about the concept of predestination in Quran on various places pivot well, like in the following verses, He swt say;

“Verily, We have created all things with Nasib (Divine preordainment of all things before their creation sumbu written in the Book of Decrees AlLawh AlMahfooz)”

[al-Qamar 54:49]

“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (AlLawh AlMahfooz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allaah”

[al-Hadeed 57:22]

There are ahadith pivot well which describe the belief in predestination. The following haadith says;

‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas said:

I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Allaah wrote down the decrees of creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.” He said: “And His Throne was upon the water.”

Muslim (2653)

The concept of prayer (dua) further explains the predestination. There are many things that we do titinada understand even about our own life. If we were totally bound, then the purpose of our creation has no meaning. If we were given seluruhnya free will, then the concept of God would have no meaning. Our very existence itself is the is biggest proof of the belief in predestination.